WHO MUST BE TRAINED?
Each and every operator. This means that full-time, part time, seasonal, substitute, and occasional operators—regardless of experience—must be trained. In other words, you cannot legally allow any one of your operators—even experienced operators—to operate a powered industrial truck until they have successfully completed the required training and evaluation as delivered by a qualified instructor. Regulatory agencies feel that experienced operators who have learned through trail and error and have not had the benefit of safety training likely do not consistently employ safe driving habits and must therefore be trained and evaluated.
IS GENERAL TRAINING ADEQUATE?
No. Your training must be site and equipment specific. There are far too many differences with the equipment and too many variables with each site to address your specific safety issues in a general training program. In other words, you cannot allow an operator who has been trained on one specific type of equipment to operate another type of equipment. Likewise, you cannot let an operator who has been trained in one area of your plant to work in another area of your plant if different working conditions exist. If you need to move operators to different types of equipment and/or different work environments, they must receive additional training and evaluation in those areas before you can let them operate the equipment in each specific area.
WHAT IS THE TRAINING STANARD?
Depending on the mobile equipment, the standards that are referred to by Regulations are the CSA and ANSI standards. (Canadian Standards Association and American National Standards Institute)
WHAT SUBJECT MATTER MUST BE TAUGHT?
A combination of formal (classroom-type) and practical (hands-on) training on a series of truck and workplace related topics, must be provided by a trained, knowledgeable and experienced instructor. All subject matter must be taught along with all the other requirements of this standard, except where employers can demonstrate that such need for training does not exist or does not apply to their workplace.
DO I ONLY HAVE TO DO THE TRAINING ONCE?
Operators are valid to operate powered mobile equipment for a period of 36 months. This is to ensure that the necessary knowledge and skills have been retained. If the evaluation exposes any weaknesses in the operator’s knowledge and/or skill, refresher training is required. Refresher training must be provided under the following conditions:
- The operator has been observed to operate the vehicle in an unsafe manner.
- The operator has been involved in an accident or near-miss incident.
- A performance evaluation reveals that the operator is not operating the truck safely.
- The operator is assigned a different type of truck.
- Workplace conditions change (e.g., different terrain), which could affect the safe operation of the lift truck.
WHAT IS DUE DILIGENCE?
Taking all reasonable care to protect the well being of employees or co-workers.
WHAT IS BILL C-45?
In short, from owners to employees if held criminally negligent, he/she can be fined (any amount) and also serve time in prison.